When circles and wheel lines became the standard here in the Columbia Basin the need for water storage areas became necessary. Building and maintaining irrigation ponds became normal farming practice. C&E realized the value to the farmer of a well designed and maintained pond. So we began studying successful and not so successful ponds. We researched different kinds of liner techniques and have mastered quite a few of them. Early on, we realized that irrigation ponds can be very complex and that success is often determined by the quality of planning before one bucket of dirt is ever turned.